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NURSTEED Community Primary School

‘Together We Achieve More’


Phonics is taught on a daily basis throughout EYFS, Year 1 and Year 2 to enable your child to read quickly and skilfully. The children are taught how to:

  • recognise the sound(s) that each individual letter makes;
  • identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make e.g. th, ch, and oo; and
  • blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

(National Curriculum 2014)


Below are definitions of some of the terminology we use with your child when teaching them phonics:

Phoneme - a single unit of sound that a letter or combination of letters make.

Digraph - a combination of two letters representing one sound e.g. sh, ph, ow, and ar. 

Trigraph - a combination of three letters representing one sound e.g. igh, ear, and ure.

Grapheme - a letter or number of letters that spell a sound in a word.

(some digraphs and trigraphs such as oo and ear make more than one sound)

This is a great website with plenty of games for your child to access online at home to apply their phonics skills. Many of the games on here can be accessed for free.


Jolly Phonics for Teachers

This is an app you can download to Iphones and Ipads which goes through phonic sounds to help support your child on their reading journey. 

Jolly Phonics Song for phonemes a to z

A great song for encouraging your child to practice the sounds a to z.

Alphablocks - 'Alphabet Song'